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HomeOtherUncategorizedWhat is ERP | ERP Systems | Enterprise Resource Planning

What is ERP | ERP Systems | Enterprise Resource Planning

What is ERP, and what do the ERP system and program do? As Albert Solino, we have compiled enterprise resource planning (ERP) information for you.

ERP programs are, in a nutshell, software packages that enable the integration of all information flows that form within a business process. In Turkish, ERP translates to “Enterprise Resource Planning”; the term is enterprise resource planning. ERP software is the most important and widely used high-end corporate information system in recent years.

The questions of what is the ERP program and for what purpose it is used are being researched a lot today. The ERP system is a system that emerged from production planning. ERP software systems have emerged in order not to experience any disruption and production as a result of the question marks created by the financial resources created by thousands of materials, machines, employees, and purchasing processes, together with the need for planning due to the complexity of production. Managing all departments that need to be managed well has become more efficient with the power of software. The ERP system includes not only planning but also managing the entire company. The fact that all physical resources, financial resources, human resources, customers, and suppliers can be managed holistically creates companies’ digital footprints.

What is ERP?

ERP is short for enterprise resource planning. Simply put, an ERP system is how a company, usually a manufacturer, manages and integrates important parts of its business operations.

ERP systems collect shared data from multiple sources. By doing this, they avoid multiple data sources and duplication and ensure historical integrity with a “single source of truth.” Therefore, the ERP system is critical for business management in almost all industries.

What is ERP System?

ERP software development company solution used to plan, manage and support operational processes, especially in different companies. Procurement, production, sales, asset management, and more are interconnected through a database that greatly simplifies the management of operating resources. The historical development of this system can also shed light on the ERP software understanding. The ancestors of current ERP solutions are the MRP and MRP II systems for planning material requirements.

ERP History

ERP’s historical evolution dates back to the 1960s. In the 1990s, the Gartner Group first used the term ERP. However, enterprise resource planning systems date back to the 1960s and the manufacturing industry. Since then, there has been expansion across numerous industries and occupations. Consequently, it has become the term used to describe the ERP software we know today, which provides the unique integration of numerous departments. Inventory Management and Control were introduced in 1960 to maintain the appropriate stock level of information technology and business processes in a warehouse. In the 1970s, it led to the development of Material Requirements Planning (MRP), which aided production planning and inventory control. In the 1980s, MRP systems evolved into MRP II or Manufacturing Resource Planning systems, which many manufacturers adopted. The first true ERP systems were introduced as more manufacturing processes were added to the original MRP systems in the 1990s. These systems come in a format that includes accounting, finance, and sales, among other departments and functions. These capabilities have enabled previous iterations to go beyond fundamental inventory management and production processes. By integrating multiple processes and departments into a single system, all of these systems paved the way for the prevalent ERP solutions of today. In addition to commercial vendors, open-source ERP systems have been created. These systems primarily cater to the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises.

ERP Benefits

The competitive nature of contemporary markets compels business owners to seize every opportunity, including technological advancements, to maximize efficiency and maintain a competitive advantage.

ERP development company have long held a dominant position in custom software solutions for businesses. So what are the benefits of ERP?

High Management Performance

It acts as a data center that links all aspects of corporate activities that require management, including ERP consulting and solutions, human resources, manufacturing, sales, customer support, stock, and procurement. ERP software provides automatic data processing in the fastest and most efficient way with the help of computer technologies.

Enterprise resource planning solutions reduce paperwork and the need for manual data entry as their primary benefit. This advantage significantly reduces the likelihood of human error that could disrupt production flow.

Accurate Information and Usability

This is the primary enterprise resource planning benefit that affects all others. Modern ERP systems enable the efficient and centralized collection, processing, and storage of data, such as production, sales, consumables, and customers. In addition, a single data system is utilized and maintained instead of multiple databases that require regular checks and synchronization to eliminate obsolete or duplicate records.

The increased quality of internal data of all types and its easy accessibility to personnel in any relevant department is a priceless accomplishment that enables further performance optimization at all levels of the organization. Supply chain and inventory management are the activities that profit the most from ERP implementation.

Improved Coordination

A unified system containing all business-related data improves collaboration between corporate branches or departments. In addition, ERP software improves productivity by reducing communication delays across the entire company. This is especially helpful if a company has a distributed affiliate network in several states or continents.


Accessibility to most business data greatly simplifies its evaluation for planning purposes. For example, the company’s management team and business analysts can use aggregated data to design new strategies or recommend more effective improvements to the existing strategy.

Advanced Reporting Technique

ERP software facilitates the timely and efficient submission of any report, from financial to inventory, customer behavior to technical maintenance, by reducing paperwork and enhancing communication between departments.


Another inherent advantage of ERP software is its modularity, which allows it to be scaled according to current needs and circumstances. This feature allows a resource planning system to easily adapt to any company expansion or contraction level.

Other things include new products, employees, production facilities, suppliers, and departments. Even the smallest alterations to a company’s structure and operations, such as its formation, necessitate the high adaptability of ERP solutions. Whether expansion entails an increase in production, inventory, or the addition of new functions, services, or users, ERP systems can accommodate all of these changes.


As a result of reduced paperwork and optimization of daily routines, many – repetitive tasks are reduced, and ERP systems reduce costs in administrative needs. In addition, resource planning solutions greatly accelerate business operations involving various information requests and approvals such as logistics, stock and supply management, and others.

Easier Access to Management Systems

ERP systems can be implemented as web or mobile applications built with cloud technologies, depending on the resource planning context’s specific requirements. Thus, they can be accessed from smartphones, laptops, and other portable devices at any time and almost anywhere.

Improved Customer Service

Another practical advantage of modern ERP software is customer relationship management optimization. A central data warehouse collects all necessary sales and customer-related information, making it simple for sales managers and customer support staff to communicate with customers and reducing response lag time.

In addition to the other benefits listed here, quicker and more accurate access to customer history is also a significant advantage. For instance, properly collected and analyzed data on customer behavior patterns can lead to strategy optimizations or more precise forecasts of demand that must be met on time.

Competition power

This last benefit is essentially the summary of all the above advantages conveyed from the perspective of business profits. The point is that ERP systems give the business the most needed competitive advantage, an extra device to outperform its competitors. While some companies stick to time-proven methods or simply cannot afford ERP solutions, others develop their business with technological advances and make a profit.


Why is ERP Necessary?

 Optimization of business processes, in summary

Accurate and timely access to trustworthy information Capability to share information among all organizational components

  •     Elimination of redundant processes and data
  •     Reducing the cost
  •     All business units that make up its business improved performance due to better uptime.
  •     Optimizing the management decision control and evaluation there over the long term to improve performance and save time
  •     Customer service’s ability to keep customers satisfied thanks to fast responses
  •     Strong competitive advantage
  •     Sustainability
  •     The impersonal pool of knowledge

What is ERP Software?

ERP software consists of various modules. The most used ones are;

ERP MRP – Material Requirements Planning Management

It is a common need for businesses to track stocks accurately and manage them efficiently. The increasing number and variety of customer demands in current market conditions require working with high-value stocks. Material (Stock) Management allows it to plan and control stocks depending on the production system and production schedules. With sensitive ‘expiration’ dates according to product types, effective management of stocks can be realized, and product waste can be minimized. In addition, decreases in stock numbers and retrospective sales statistics can be viewed instantly with detailed tracking, and supply and production operations can be arranged with the right strategic planning.

Sales and Distribution Management

The typical sales process includes sales inquiries and inquiry analysis and processing, preparing quotations, accepting sales orders, preparing sales invoices with appropriate taxation, shipping materials or services, and tracking pending sales orders. The sales module of the ERP manages all these sales processes.

ERP CRM – Customer Relationship Management

The CRM department helps improve sales performance by building Superior customer service and a positive rapport with customers. The CRM module provides access to all stored customer information.

The CRM module is useful for managing and monitoring detailed information about the customer, such as communication history, calls, meetings, purchase details of the customer, and contract duration. Integrating the CRM module with the Sales module can increase sales opportunities.

Quality management

Users can create a detailed control plan for each purchased or produced material by utilizing the Quality Management module and execute the quality control process for all specified criteria. Business centers can have control plans defined, and periodic controls can be conducted accordingly. In addition, the module can generate various reports based on the control results to prevent any errors.

Production Planning and Control Management

The production module is a great help for the manufacturing sector to deliver the product. This module includes production planning, machine scheduling, raw material utilization (BOM) preparation, daily production progress monitoring, forecasting, and actual production reporting.

Human Resources Management

The Human Resources module is very important in terms of human resources management. This module helps the HR team with the efficient management of human resources. The HR module helps to manage employee information and track employee records such as performance appraisals, assignments, job descriptions, skills matrix, and time and attendance tracking. One of the important sub-modules in the HR module is it covers salaries, pay reports, etc. It is the Payroll System that helps to manage. It may also include tracking travel expenses and reimbursement.

Financial Management

The finance module manages all money/capital inflows and outflows. In addition, this section keeps track of all account-related transactions, such as expenditures, ledgers, budgeting, bank statements, payment receipts, and tax management. Financial reporting is a simple task for this ERP module. All financial data necessary to run the business is available with one click in the finance module.

Supply chain management

Optimizing the supply chain is a necessary business process that is not always completed efficiently. Due to the vast number of moving parts, supply chain management is complicated integrating this module with the rest of the company’s system is beneficial.

Unlike standalone supply chain management software, ERP modules include supply chain management and real-time data. Therefore, making decisions based on the most recent information is a tremendous advantage for businesses. For instance, with real-time visibility into the supply chain, disruptions in the production or distribution process can be easily detected. Also, the average time taken to produce a product can be measured.

Purchasing Management

Purchasing modules deal with all processes that are part of the supply of necessary products or raw materials for the organization. Purchasing module; It includes procedures such as listing suppliers/vendors, linking suppliers and products, sending RFQs to vendors, receiving and recording quotes, analyzing quotes, preparing purchase orders, keeping track of items purchased, and updating stock levels.

ERP has gained importance in our country, particularly in light of the rise in production and the prevalence of computers. The popularity of cloud-based systems worldwide right now is because everyone has instant access to new features up-to-date. Furthermore, various security systems protect private information created using ERP.

The advantage of ERP being cloud-based is that it not only manages. This facilitates company operations and processes and makes it simpler to become a market leader. Interaction with customers and suppliers to create more open systems. Easy access to customer and supplier information allows businesses to act swiftly in any opportunity or crisis.


Use of ERP Systems in Our Country and the World

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are utilized by businesses that wish to manage their business processes through a centralized and integrated system. Companies in the supply chain widely utilize ERP to keep track of all the production and distribution components. However, ERP can be implemented in various industries, such as healthcare, nonprofits, construction, and hospitality. In recent years, the use of ERP has increased, particularly in the service sector.

In service sectors;

  • Justice Services (Attorney, Consultancy, etc.)
  • Accounting Services
  • Tourism sector
  • Computer Services
  • Banking Services
  • Retail
  • Transport
  • Distribution
  • Food Services
  • Repair and Repair Services
  • Special Education and Training Service
  • Entertainment Service
  • Automotive Services

Most transactions between companies and consumers are made through the service sector when viewed as a global market. As a result, the rise of service sectors and the service economy has increased the use of ERP software.

What is an ERP Specialist?

ERP is a powerful management software package that monitors a company’s operational services daily. The ERP specialist specializes in projects dedicated to integrated management software packages. Responsible for analyzing the business needs and determining a best practice strategy to ensure the software is implemented and this management tool is monitored. The ERP project manager assignment applies to all software packages.

An ERP specialist is an IT consultant specializing in deploying management software. Responsible for monitoring and deploying Enterprise Resource Planning software within the company. He will identify the needs of the business and then set the specifications. Beyond installation and technical tasks, it provides training to team members and adapts software functions to employees’ usage and needs. It is ready to assist employees in using the software. It also ensures the continuity of the service. The job of an ERP specialist; combines team management, software implementation, and customer relations. It requires solid computer skills and the interpersonal and pedagogical qualities required for this function.

What is ERP Program?

An ERP (enterprise resource planning) program is a type of software that businesses use to manage their day-to-day activities, such as accounting, purchasing, project management, risk management, compliance, and supply chain operations. A complete ERP suite also includes performance management software (EPM) that helps plan, budget, forecast, and report a company’s financial results.

ERP systems connect multiple business processes and enable data flow between them. ERP systems collect a company’s shared transactional data from multiple sources, eliminating data duplication and ensuring data integrity with “a single reliable source of information.”

Today, ERP systems are essential to running thousands of businesses of all sizes and industries. For these companies, ERP is as important as electricity.

What is ERP Software?

An ERP is a system for managing your company’s resources, But what is it? (ERP) allows you to optimize your entire production chain, from sourcing to shipping to your customer.

That’s why ERP software allows you to better plan your resources, lower production costs, and even increase productivity. That is to say, it is a versatile, comprehensive, but sometimes complex tool.

Implementing an ERP solution can increase productivity and improve processes by connecting a company’s information systems.

One of the purposes of an ERP tool is to standardize the company’s information system by replacing multiple software. ERP software is therefore characterized by its functional breadth and uniqueness.

ERP software is management software that allows the company to integrate various functions such as:

  • Accounting and finance management (accounting management ERP, invoice management ERP),
  • Inventory management (ERP inventory management software),
  • Human Resources Management,
  • Supplier management (ERP suppliers for mass distribution) as well as,
  • sales management,
  • Distribution management or,
  • E-commerce management (commerce ERP, private retail ERP).

What are ERP Modules?

Although Enterprise Resource Planning systems are mostly known as software systems used by manufacturing companies, it is not like that. Professional Services Automation is the software system used by service companies worldwide and provides company management (PSA). Service companies must use ERP system software at least as much as manufacturing companies. Because each digital footprint created by companies in the digital world is an important part of the future of that company, today, including companies providing SEO services, ERP programs can transfer the SEO information of their services to E-Commerce sites. It means not keeping positive or negative data that has not been recorded; Making the same mistake twice may mean not being able to achieve the same success again. In most companies in our country, the software is used in the accounting department. However, it is not performed on a single system in departments other than accounting. However, company information matters most and must be collected in a shared corporate memory Excel, etc. The persistence and security of the data attempted to be stored with the tools are not high.

What is ERP Consultant?

ERP consulting are professional solutions that are initially complex to set up. It is necessary to first find the software or software adapted to the company and then assign the necessary personnel. The creation of tailored solutions for the growth of companies and an increased e-reputation is carried out by ERP consultancy.

If the ERP consultant helps set up such a solution, his role will continue to be much more important. He positions himself as a particular expert in a particular field. It is an area that will be the focus of his work, but not only that.

Above all, its role will provide the company with appropriate solutions to make the most of the data from ERP solutions. In summary, an ERP consultant helps to:

  • It helps you choose the most suitable ERP software
  • saves time
  • He knows how to guide and advise you at all times, thanks to his global and complete vision of the market
  • It helps you create and adapt to your market

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